About Zamosc Map


This map, "Zamoscium Noua Poloniae Civitas" ("The New Polish City of Zamość"), "Theatri praecipuarum totius mundi urbium liber sextus" is part of a great city atlas "Civitates Orbis Terrarum" published in Köln between 1572 and 1617 in six volumes. The Atlas was edited by the German geographer and cleric Georg Braun (1541-1622). The maps were engraved by the German engraver Frans (Franz) Hogenberg (1535-1590). The atlas contains all together 546 plates of cities of the known world; mostly bird-eye maps. The one shown here depicts the Renaissance style Zamość octagonal fortress, surrounded by water-filled moat.

The Fortress was erected by Kanzler Jan Hetman Zamoyski (1542-1605), the city founder, in 1579, continuing the work until 1618. The whole city was planned by Architect Bernardo Morandi of Padua (1540-1600) and inaugurated on 1580.

It was one of the largest fortifications in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita Polska) and survived attacks and six sieges (including that of the Cossacks and the Swedes in 1648, during the devastating period called "Deluge" or "Potop"). Almost the entire fortress was taken down in 1866. Only a small part, the Rotunda, endured time.

Written by Israel Schek


picture of 1939


picture of 2008

Taken from the book Zamość Wczoraj i Dziś, na Starej Pocztówce i fotografii, 2008
Przedruk wykonany technika światłodrukowaw Zakładach Offsetowych RSA, Prasa-Książka-Ruch”

 

Web Site Editor: Israel Schek   |  Graphic and Web Design: Adriana Castaneda - Graphilosophy